1) [byzant]. Gold or silver coin minted at Byzantium (named Constantinople in 330; Istanbul since 1926) of which 'bezant' is a corruption. Through much of the early Middle Ages, the only gold coins in circulation were Byzantine; the quality, and therefore their value, was always reliable. In the West only silver coins were minted, while the bezant was universally accepted.
2) Her. A gold *roundel.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Bezant — Be*zant , n. [See {Byzant}.] 1. A gold coin of Byzantium or Constantinople, varying in weight and value, usually (those current in England) between a sovereign and a half sovereign. There were also white or silver bezants. [Written also {besant} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bézant —   [bə zã], byzantinische Goldmünze, Besant …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bezant — gold coin, c.1200, from O.Fr. besant (12c.), from L. byzantius, short for Byzantius nummus coin of BYZANTIUM (Cf. Byzantium) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bezant — bèzant m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA pov. u srednjovjekovnoj Europi bizantski zlatnik, dugo vremena simbol gospodarskog napretka i bogatstva (»dolar srednjega vijeka«); bizant ETIMOLOGIJA v. Bizant …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • bezant — [bez′ənt, bi zant′] n. [ME besant < OFr < L Byzantius (nummus), Byzantine (coin)] 1. the solidus, a gold coin issued in Byzantium: see SOLIDUS (sense 1) 2. Archit. Heraldry an ornamental flat disk or circular figure representing such a coin …   English World dictionary

  • Bezant — Crusader coins of the Kingdom of Jerusalem: Denier in European style with Holy Sepulchre (1162 75); Kufic gold bezant (1140 80); gold bezant with Christian symbol (1250s). Gold coins were first copied dinars and bore Kufic script, but after 1250… …   Wikipedia

  • bezant — ⇒BESANT, BEZANT, BESAN, subst. masc. A. Monnaie byzantine d or ou d argent : • 1. Elle apportait une dot des mille et une nuits, des coffres pleins de besants d or, d orfèvrerie et de pierres précieuses, des tissus précieux à l infini, (...),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bezant — noun Etymology: Middle English besant, from Anglo French, from Medieval Latin Byzantius Byzantine, from Byzantium, ancient name of Istanbul Date: 13th century 1. solidus 1 2. a flat disk used in architectural ornament …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bezant — /bez euhnt, bi zant /, n. 1. Also, bezzant. the gold solidus of the Byzantine Empire, widely circulated in the Middle Ages. 2. Also, byzant. (in Romanesque architecture) any of a number of disklike ornaments, similar in form to the classical… …   Universalium

  • bezant — noun /ˈbɛzənt/ a) A coin made of gold or silver, minted at and used in currency throughout mediaeval Europe. b) The heraldic representation of a gold coin …   Wiktionary

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